causes and effect of earthquake pdf

Causes And Effect Of Earthquake Pdf

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SUMMARY The chapter presents planners with 1 a description of the most hazardous geologic phenomena-earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis-and their effects; 2 a discussion of how to use existing information to assess the hazards associated with these phenomena and incorporate mitigation measures early In an Integrated development study; 3 sources of geologic data and maps; and 4 information with which to make key decisions early in the planning process. The processes that have formed the earth continually act on or beneath its surface. The movement of plates in the earth's crust and local concentrations of heat are a continuing source of hazards to people and their structures.

It is also known as tremblor, tremor or quake. Let us tell you that just below the earth's surface where earthquakes start is called hypocenter and just directly above the surface of the earth is called epicentre?

Aside from being horrified by the experience, the after-effects of an earthquake are something that is very alarming just like the occurrence of tsunamis. You hear appalling stories about how one place can be brought to devastation in a snap because of earthquakes. It can happen anytime and hit places lying within the fault lines. Earthquakes are among the many natural calamities that have caused devastation to properties and claimed thousands of lives over the years.

What is an Earthquake?

This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. In collaboration with. The Sixth Mass Extinction? Lesson Driving Question : How have humans impacted the Earth for better and for worse? Guide students in debriefing the activity by adding to their Know and Need to Know chart based on their research.

An earthquake also known as a quake , tremor or temblor is the shaking of the surface of the Earth resulting from a sudden release of energy in the Earth 's lithosphere that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes can range in size from those that are so weak that they cannot be felt to those violent enough to propel objects and people into the air, and wreak destruction across entire cities. The seismicity , or seismic activity , of an area is the frequency, type, and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. The word tremor is also used for non-earthquake seismic rumbling. At the Earth's surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by shaking and displacing or disrupting the ground. When the epicenter of a large earthquake is located offshore, the seabed may be displaced sufficiently to cause a tsunami. Earthquakes can also trigger landslides and occasionally, volcanic activity.

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Tsunamis are caused by violent seafloor movement associated with earthquakes, landslides, lava entering the sea, seamount collapse, or meteorite impact. The most common cause is earthquakes. See the percentages on the right for the geological events that cause tsunamis. A disturbance that displaces a large water mass from its equilibrium position can cause a tsunami. In order to understand the role of violent seafloor movement as a major cause of tsunamis, one needs to understand plate tectonics. They move relative to each other at rates of up to several inches per year.

Earthquake, any sudden shaking of the ground caused by the passage of seismic waves through Earth's rocks. Earthquakes occur most often.

Causes and Effects of Extinction

These plates move towards each other a convergent boundary , apart a divergent boundary or past each other a transform boundary. Earthquakes are caused by a sudden release of stress along faults in the earth's crust. The continuous motion of tectonic plates causes a steady build-up of pressure in the rock strata on both sides of a fault until the stress is sufficiently great that it is released in a sudden, jerky movement. The resulting waves of seismic energy propagate through the ground and over its surface, causing the shaking we perceive as earthquakes.

Earthquake: Causes, Effects and Magnitude measurement

In Alaska in , a magnitude 9. What causes the ground tremble like that? The answer is simple.

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  1. Lisardo A.

    A tsunami is caused by an earthquake, landslide, or volcanic eruption on the sea floor. During an earthquake, seismic waves can produce powerful ocean waves.

    04.05.2021 at 05:07 Reply
  2. ZoГ© B.

    earthquake occurs and what types of damage may result*. The report is intended to help students and others visualize what causes earthquake shaking and.

    05.05.2021 at 14:23 Reply

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