hand held devices in hospital setting and efficiency 2013 to 2019 pdf

Hand Held Devices In Hospital Setting And Efficiency 2013 To 2019 Pdf

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In health care, the days of business as usual are over. Around the world, every health care system is struggling with rising costs and uneven quality, despite the hard work of well-intentioned, well-trained clinicians.

While mHealth has application for industrialized nations , the field has emerged in recent years as largely an application for developing countries , stemming from the rapid rise of mobile phone penetration in low-income nations. The field, then, largely emerges as a means of providing greater access to larger segments of a population in developing countries, as well as improving the capacity of health systems in such countries to provide quality healthcare. The field broadly encompasses the use of mobile telecommunication and multimedia technologies in health care delivery.

Wearable Technology Applications in Healthcare: A Literature Review

The use of mobile devices by health care professionals HCPs has transformed many aspects of clinical practice. Mobile devices and apps provide many benefits for HCPs, perhaps most significantly increased access to point-of-care tools, which has been shown to support better clinical decision-making and improved patient outcomes.

The introduction of mobile computing devices personal digital assistants [PDAs], followed by smartphones and tablet computers has greatly impacted many fields, including medicine. Health care professionals now use smartphone or tablet computers for functions they used to need a pager, cellphone, and PDA to accomplish. The first mobile device that incorporated both communication and computing features was the Blackberry, which was introduced in Perhaps most notably, in January , Apple launched the first-generation iPhone.

Without a doubt, medicine is one of the disciplines that has been profoundly affected by the availability of mobile devices. One major motivation driving the widespread adoption of mobile devices by HCPs has been the need for better communication and information resources at the point of care. Communication capabilities—voice calling, video conferencing, text, and e-mail 7. Informational resources—textbooks, guidelines, medical literature, drug references 7. Clinical software applications—disease diagnosis aids, medical calculators 7.

Prior to the development of mobile devices, these resources were mainly provided by stationary computers, which do not support the need for mobility in health care settings. The ability to download medical apps on mobile devices has made a wealth of mobile clinical resources available to HCPs.

In July , access to apps was further revolutionized by the launch of the Apple iTunes Appstore, which gave iPad, iPhone, and iPod Touch iTouch users the ability to shop for and download apps from an online marketplace. The primary criteria for choice of app is often cost; users may prefer to download a free app but will replace or upgrade it later, if necessary, with one that requires payment. Health care professionals use medical devices and apps for many purposes, most of which can be grouped under five broad categories: administration, health record maintenance and access, communications and consulting, reference and information gathering, and medical education.

Medical apps for health care professionals 2 , 4. Cloud-based storage and file-sharing services that can be accessed using a mobile device are also useful for information management, since they allow users to store, update, and share documents or photographs with others without exchanging a flash drive or CD.

Dropbox is a popular cloud-based storage service that can be used with multiple devices. An additional advantage provided by information management apps is that they can be used in combination.

For example, GoodReader can be connected to a cloud service, allowing PDF files to be downloaded from the cloud into the reader app. HCPs frequently use mobile device apps for time management. One health care software company, Epic Systems, has partnered with Apple and released versions of the Epic scheduling, billing, and clinical support app for the iPhone and iPad.

Specialized apps are also available for remote viewing of medical imaging scans. In some instances remote evaluation of image scans via a medical device has been proven to be just as effective as viewing them at a standard workstation. Health care systems are often highly dispersed, encompassing multiple locations such as clinics, inpatient wards, outpatient services, emergency departments, operating theaters, intensive care units, and labs.

Mobile devices have been proven to improve contact between HCPs and their colleagues. Social networking apps are useful tools for enabling discussion, consultations, and collaboration among HCPs. Mobile devices are invaluable tools for HCPs to use to search or access medical literature, as well as other information sources. Drug reference applications are generally used to access information including: drug names, indications, dosages, pharmacology, interactions, contraindications, cost, formulary status, identification guides, and dose by weight calculators.

Other medical news apps are available. Mobile devices provide HCPs with convenient and rapid access to evidence-based information, supporting clinical decision-making at the point of care. Many evidence-based software apps serve as useful bedside clinical decision-making tools. Diagnosaurus, a popular, low-cost mobile differential diagnosis app for the iPhone, iPad, and iTouch, can help ensure that alternative diagnoses are not overlooked.

Mobile apps can also help clinicians identify the appropriate scans or tests to order, decreasing unnecessary procedures and reducing cost of care. Mobile apps can also be used directly to conduct simple examinations for visual acuity or color blindness, as well as blood pressure or glucose level.

Current treatment guidelines available at the point of care via mobile apps also provide a valuable resource for HCPs. Other mobile apps, such as medical calculators, use standard formulas to make calculations to determine risk scores and other measures, such as body mass index BMI , body surface area BSA , and proper drug doses.

The use of mobile devices to remotely monitor the health or location of patients with chronic diseases or conditions has already become a viable option. A clinical monitoring system was developed to monitor an entire unit or one bed in intensive care via smartphone; it displays an alarm, color-coded according to severity, based on patient vital signs.

Mobile apps that supplement medical devices are being developed. Mobile devices play an increasingly important role in medical education as students and schools use more technology during training.

Mobile devices are also used by practicing HCPs for educational purposes, especially for CME activities that keep them informed about the most current evidence-based information and medical practices. Mobile devices have been shown to be important tools for teaching medical curricula.

In one example, doctors who used a mobile device app during advanced life-support training had significantly improved scores during cardiac arrest simulation testing. Mobile devices and apps have provided many benefits for HCPs, allowing them to make more rapid decisions with a lower error rate, increasing the quality of data management and accessibility, and improving practice efficiency and knowledge.

Many mobile apps have made the practice of evidence-based medicine at the point of care more convenient. Many medical apps make mobile devices invaluable tools that support clinical decision-making at the point of care. Studies have reported an increase in the appropriateness of diagnoses and treatment decisions when mobile devices were used for clinical decision support, particularly when a CDSS app was used.

Mobile devices have repeatedly been found to improve the completeness and accuracy of patient documentation, an effect that has often been attributed to ease of use. Evidence has shown that mobile devices allow HCPs to be more efficient in their work practices. The use of mobile devices has been shown to provide HCPs with numerous enhanced efficiencies, including: increased quality of patient documentation through fewer errors and more complete records, more rapid access to new information, and improved workflow patterns.

Research has shown that the use of mobile devices at the point of care has helped streamline workflow and increase the productivity of HCPs. Studies that investigated patient record maintenance and revision found that more patient information was documented when a mobile device was used, reportedly because of ease of use in comparison to paper records.

Several interesting trends regarding the use of mobile devices and apps in health care have been predicted for the future. As better health outcomes become the ultimate goal of the health care system, apps will be needed to fulfill that purpose. Mobile device hardware and apps are expected to continue to improve, bringing additional and enhanced benefits to clinical practice. The role played by mobile devices and apps in health care education is also expected to grow. Several issues challenge the future integration of mobile devices and apps into health care practice.

The increased use of these devices by clinicians in their personal and working lives has also raised important medicolegal and ethical implications. It is also important that mobile medical apps that claim diagnostic or therapeutic efficacy be evaluated with regard to claimed outcome, as well as utility in clinical practice.

Medical devices and apps are already invaluable tools for HCPs, and as their features and uses expand, they are expected to become even more widely incorporated into nearly every aspect of clinical practice.

Disclosure: The author reports that she has no commercial or financial relationships in regard to this article. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List P T v. Lee Ventola , MS. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The author is a consultant medical writer living in New Jersey. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Need for Mobile Devices at the Point of Care One major motivation driving the widespread adoption of mobile devices by HCPs has been the need for better communication and information resources at the point of care. How HCPs Use Mobile Devices and Apps Health care professionals use medical devices and apps for many purposes, most of which can be grouped under five broad categories: administration, health record maintenance and access, communications and consulting, reference and information gathering, and medical education.

Open in a separate window. Table 2 Medical apps for health care professionals 2 , 4. Communication and Consulting Health care systems are often highly dispersed, encompassing multiple locations such as clinics, inpatient wards, outpatient services, emergency departments, operating theaters, intensive care units, and labs.

Reference and Information Gathering Literature Research and Review Mobile devices are invaluable tools for HCPs to use to search or access medical literature, as well as other information sources. Drug References Drug reference applications are generally used to access information including: drug names, indications, dosages, pharmacology, interactions, contraindications, cost, formulary status, identification guides, and dose by weight calculators.

Patient Management Clinical Decision-Making Mobile devices provide HCPs with convenient and rapid access to evidence-based information, supporting clinical decision-making at the point of care. Patient Monitoring The use of mobile devices to remotely monitor the health or location of patients with chronic diseases or conditions has already become a viable option. Medical Education and Training Mobile devices play an increasingly important role in medical education as students and schools use more technology during training.

Convenience Many mobile apps have made the practice of evidence-based medicine at the point of care more convenient. Better Clinical Decision-Making Many medical apps make mobile devices invaluable tools that support clinical decision-making at the point of care. Improved Accuracy Mobile devices have repeatedly been found to improve the completeness and accuracy of patient documentation, an effect that has often been attributed to ease of use.

Increased Efficiency Evidence has shown that mobile devices allow HCPs to be more efficient in their work practices. Enhanced Productivity Research has shown that the use of mobile devices at the point of care has helped streamline workflow and increase the productivity of HCPs.

Footnotes Disclosure: The author reports that she has no commercial or financial relationships in regard to this article. BMJ Open. Aungst TD. Medical applications for pharmacists using mobile devices. Ann Pharmacother. Kiser K. Physicians share their favorite uses and apps. Minn Med. The smartphone in medicine: a review of current and potential use among physicians and students. J Med Internet Res. Yoo JH. The meaning of information technology IT mobile devices to me, the infectious disease physician.

Infect Chemother. Applying surgical apps: Smartphone and tablet apps prove useful in clinical practice. Bull Am Coll Surg.

Artificial intelligence in healthcare

The technology revolution in the miniaturization of electronic devices is enabling to design more reliable and adaptable wearables, contributing for a world-wide change in the health monitoring approach. In this paper we review important aspects in the WHDs area, listing the state-of-the-art of wearable vital signs sensing technologies plus their system architectures and specifications. A focus on vital signs acquired by WHDs is made: first a discussion about the most important vital signs for health assessment using WHDs is presented and then for each vital sign a description is made concerning its origin and effect on heath, monitoring needs, acquisition methods and WHDs and recent scientific developments on the area electrocardiogram, heart rate, blood pressure, respiration rate, blood oxygen saturation, blood glucose, skin perspiration, capnography, body temperature, motion evaluation, cardiac implantable devices and ambient parameters. A general WHDs system architecture is presented based on the state-of-the-art. After a global review of WHDs, we zoom in into cardiovascular WHDs, analysing commercial devices and their applicability versus quality, extending this subject to smart t-shirts for medical purposes.

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Digital technologies are being harnessed to support the public-health response to COVID worldwide, including population surveillance, case identification, contact tracing and evaluation of interventions on the basis of mobility data and communication with the public.

Nosocomial infections NIs are known worldwide and remain a major problem despite scientific and technical advances in the field of health. The severity of the infection depends on the characteristics of the microorganisms involved and the high frequency of resistant pathogens in the hospital environment. The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of pathogenic bacteria and their resistance to antibiotics that spread on hospital surfaces, more specifically, on those of various departments in the Provincial Hospital Center PHC of Mohammedia, Morocco. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April Samples were collected by swabbing the hospital surfaces, and the isolated bacteria were checked for their susceptibility to antibiotics by the Kirby—Bauer disk diffusion method following the standards of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute CLSI. Gram-negative isolates were predominant at

Mobile Devices and Apps for Health Care Professionals: Uses and Benefits

Wearable technologies can be innovative solutions for healthcare problems. In this study, we conducted a literature review of wearable technology applications in healthcare. Some wearable technology applications are designed for prevention of diseases and maintenance of health, such as weight control and physical activity monitoring. Wearable devices are also used for patient management and disease management.

The company's focus has always been to fulfill its social responsibility to provide for society in the best possible way and to help its global customers protect, support and save lives. KGaA achieved significant order intake and net sales growth in the first nine months of net of currency effects. The delivery of the order will start in and will stretch until the end of

Mobile phones and driving safety

Shown are hospitalized and randomized patients in the observation period.

Contamination of the Surfaces of a Health Care Environment by Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Bacteria

Mobile phone use while driving is common but it is widely considered dangerous due to its potential for causing distracted driving and crashes. Due to the number of crashes that are related to conducting calls on a phone and texting while driving, some jurisdictions have made the use of calling on a phone while driving illegal. Many jurisdictions have enacted laws to ban handheld mobile phone use. Nevertheless, many jurisdictions allow use of a hands-free device. Driving while using a hands-free device is not safer than using a handheld phone to conduct calls, as concluded by case-crossover studies, [1] [2] epidemiological, [3] [4] simulation, [5] and meta-analysis. In addition to voice calling , activities such as texting while driving , web browsing , playing video games , or phone use in general can also increase the risk of a crash. In the United States, automobile crashes due to distracted driving are increasing.

The use of mobile devices by health care professionals HCPs has transformed many aspects of clinical practice. Mobile devices and apps provide many benefits for HCPs, perhaps most significantly increased access to point-of-care tools, which has been shown to support better clinical decision-making and improved patient outcomes. The introduction of mobile computing devices personal digital assistants [PDAs], followed by smartphones and tablet computers has greatly impacted many fields, including medicine. Health care professionals now use smartphone or tablet computers for functions they used to need a pager, cellphone, and PDA to accomplish.

Shown are hospitalized and randomized patients in the observation period. CDSS indicates clinical decision support system. Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response. Not all submitted comments are published.

INTRODUCTION

Artificial intelligence in healthcare is an overarching term used to describe the use of machine-learning algorithms and software, or artificial intelligence AI , to mimic human cognition in the analysis, presentation, and comprehension of complex medical and health care data. Specifically, AI is the ability of computer algorithms to approximate conclusions based solely on input data. What distinguishes AI technology from traditional technologies in health care is the ability to gather data, process it and give a well-defined output to the end-user. AI does this through machine learning algorithms and deep learning. These algorithms can recognize patterns in behavior and create their own logic. To gain useful insights and predictions, machine learning models must be trained using extensive amounts of input data.

 - Нет. Шестиэтажная ракета содрогалась. Стратмор нетвердыми шагами двинулся к дрожащему корпусу и упал на колени, как грешник перед лицом рассерженного божества. Все предпринятые им меры оказались бесполезными. Где-то в самом низу шахты воспламенились процессоры. ГЛАВА 105 Огненный шар, рвущийся наверх сквозь миллионы силиконовых чипов, производил ни на что не похожий звук.

Джабба начал яростно отдирать каплю остывшего металла. Она отвалилась вместе с содранной кожей. Чип, который он должен был припаять, упал ему на голову. - Проклятие. Телефон звонил не переставая. Джабба решил не обращать на него внимания. - Мидж, - беззвучно выдавил он, - черт тебя дери.

Какая разница, Стратмор никогда не решится выстрелить, пока он прикрыт Сьюзан. Но когда он начал подниматься на следующую ступеньку, не выпуская Сьюзан из рук, произошло нечто неожиданное. За спиной у него послышался какой-то звук. Он замер, чувствуя мощный прилив адреналина. Неужели Стратмор каким-то образом проскользнул наверх.

 - Нам нужны точные цифры. - Звездочка, - повторила Сьюзан, - это сноска. Соши прокрутила текст до конца раздела и побелела.

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3 Comments

  1. Libna G.

    Mobile devices and apps provide many benefits for HCPs, perhaps most significantly mobile devices in a wide variety of clinical settings ranging from classrooms to hospitals. In , this section was further divided into subcategories including: allowing PDF files to be downloaded from the cloud into the reader app.

    20.05.2021 at 15:02 Reply
  2. Megan S.

    The wounded womb free pdf computer lessons for primary school pdf

    20.05.2021 at 19:14 Reply
  3. Stunilurta

    Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, EW​EN-C. PDF. ISBN doi/ to measure and assess health care efficiency is crucial to correctly beyond measuring efficiency of hospitals. serve as a proxy for other care settings is thus.

    22.05.2021 at 18:45 Reply

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