dalit movement in india and its leaders pdf

Dalit Movement In India And Its Leaders Pdf

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Previous Post Previous 1 The Indian national movement was a popular multi-class movement which underwent constant ideological transformation. Justify words. Next Post Next 3 Discuss the powers of the state government to grant diminution, also remark if the Judiciary has violated the doctrine of separation of powers in this regard. Justify with relevant cases.

The Political and the Social in the Dalit Movement Today

Dalit means all those people of different castes and sub-castes among the depressed classes who were traditionally subjected to invidious discriminations on grounds of untouchability, and categorized as the untouchables, downtrodden, exterior classes, depressed classes or Scheduled Castes.

It is a movement of protest against untouchability, casteism and superstitions. It aims at the uplift of the Dalits to the level of non -Dalits.

Positively speaking, it stands for acceptance of a new social order based on equality, liberty, and social justice, scientific and rational religious or moral principles; and social, economic, cultural and political development of the Dalit. Untouchability, as indicated above, has always been considered as social evil. Since long efforts had been made to eradicate it. Religious and social, reformers like Buddha, Ramanuja, Ramanand, Chitanya, Kabir, Nank, Tukaram and others, made great efforts to eradicate it as far as possible.

The Brahmo Samaj and the Arya Samaj, and other social organizations by propaganda, education, and practical measures, did much to secure the social, religious and cultural equality to them. The establishment and consolidation of the British Raj gradually but radically changed the political, administrative, economic and social fabric of India.

The new set up in theory decried the caste, color and creed prejudices and attempted to re-mould the Indian society on the principles of competition and individualism, liberty and equality. It encouraged the dissemination of the rational, liberal and humane ideas of the West.

The new polity, the new administrative framework, the new judicial system, the new forms of land tenure and taxation, the new patterns of trade, the new education system, and the network of communications stressed the spirit of equality.

A new environment emerged in the society where the process of westernization and sanskritization got brewed up; the consciousness for positive rights was created, the general awareness took a new turn cultimating in farreaching political and sociological changes.

Among the depressed classes also rose intellectuals, distinguished of whom was Dr. Ambedkar, who struggled to secure for them the social recognition and human rights. The all India Depressed Association and the All India Depressed Classes Federation, the principal organizations of these classes, initiated a movement to improve their conditions.

They aimed at improving their miserable economic conditions, and to spread education among them. They worked to secure for them the rights to draw water from public wells, admission to the schools, and to the use of roads; and enter the public temples. The Mahad Satyagrah for the right of water led by Dr.

Ambedkar was one of the outstanding movements of the untouchables to win equal social rights. All India Harijans Sevak Sangh founded by Gandhi in started numerous schools for the Harijan including residential vocational schools.

Free education of the Harijans, from the primary class to the university level was introduced by the C. R and Bihar and Congress Governments in their respective Provinces. The rulers of states like Travancore, Indore, Aundh and Devas, took the initiative in throwing open all state temples by proclamation to the untouchables. To enforce the provisions of law more strictly, the Untouchability Offences Act was passed to fix penalties for not observing the law.

Besides, to enable the Harijans to overcome their backwardness, they were provided with special educational facilities. The Union and the State Governments now spend huge sums of money on their advancement and on projects to remove untouchability. In consequence of these provisions; there has come about a distinct change in the status of Harijans. There are now thousands of Harijans working in the central and State Governments.

They hold high positions in the administration. At selection levels too, special consideration is shown to the Harijan candidates. They now actively take to the profession of Law, Medicine and Engineering.

In politics too they have gained a balancing position. They have the benefit of the reservations of seats in all elected bodies from the village panchayat to Union Parliament. They are now, not only in a position of sway the local balance of power one way or the other but also affect the political developments, at the centre. The strategies, ideologies, approaches of Dalit movement varied from leader to leader, place to place and time to time.

They adopted Brahman manners, including vegetarianism, putting sandalwood paste on forehead, wearing sacred thread, etc.

Imitation of the high caste manners by Dalits was an assertion of their right to equality. Thus, certain section of Dalit leadership believed that Dalits were the original inhabitants of India and they were not Hindus.

That Aryans or Brahmins who invaded this country forcibly imposed untouchability on the original inhabitants of this land. They believed that if Hinduism was discarded, untouchability would automatically come to an end. Dalits also followed the route of conversion with a purpose of getting rid of untouchability and to develop their moral and financial conditions. A good number of Dalits were converted to Christianity, especially in Kerala. Some of the Dalits, especially in Punjab were converted to Sikhism.

They are known as Mazhabis, Namdharis, Kabir Panthis etc. Dalits also got converted to Buddhism. Ambedkar converted to Buddhism along with his millions of followers at Nagpur in As a protest against Hinduism some of the Dalit leaders founded their own sects or religions.

Gurtichand Thakur Bengal founded Matua Sect. Attempts were also made to organize Dalits politically in order to fight against socioeconomic problems. Ambedkar formed the independent Labour Party in He tried to abolish the exploitative Khoti system prevailing in Kokan part of Maharashtra, and Vetti or Maharaki system a wage free hereditary service to the caste Hindus in the local administration. He tried to convince the Government to recruit the Mahars in Military.

Ultimately he became successful in when the first Mahar Regiment was formed. With the growing process of democratization. Ambedkar demanded adequate representation for Dalits in the legislatures and in the administration. Government of India Act, , provided for one seat to the depressed classes in the central Legislative Assembly. The award envisaged separate electorate for the Depressed Classes. Mahatma Gandhi went on a historic fast in protest against Communal Award especially in respect of depressed classes.

The issue was settled by famous Poona Pact, September It provided for reservation of seats for depressed classes out of general electorates sets. You must be logged in to post a comment. Image Curtsey: cpim. The Social Movements in Islam Words.

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The Political and the Social in the Dalit Movement Today

The Anandi Collective describes the way feminists and Dalit leaders worked to build a movement of Dalit women. They describe the challenges and successes of the 1, Dalit women from a remote area in a very feudal part of India, who have set out to overcome deeply seated prejudices. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Anandi is a feminist NGO based in Gujarat, India, working on the empowerment of women through economic, social, and political awareness and mobilization. Bundelkhand has strong feudal social and economic structures. The nexus between the upper castes, administration, and police, which has thrived on the exploitation of the lower castes, continues even after independence.

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Dalits, differing from the mainstream political discourse, are demonstrating a new path for social and political transformation. The non-dalit identities of the self in general imagine or construct a meta-narrative of cultural identity based upon highly parochial and xenophobic ideas. The dalit political discourse has produced a concrete alternative to the mainstream nationalist formulations in all the realms of public reason. The discourse legitimises the thirst for political power, as it is one of the prime instruments in bringing a radical change in social relationships [Sudha Pai 40].

Dalit Movement in India and Its Leaders (1857-1956) Second Edition

Useful Notes on Dalit Movement in India (1412 Words)

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Dalit means all those people of different castes and sub-castes among the depressed classes who were traditionally subjected to invidious discriminations on grounds of untouchability, and categorized as the untouchables, downtrodden, exterior classes, depressed classes or Scheduled Castes. It is a movement of protest against untouchability, casteism and superstitions. It aims at the uplift of the Dalits to the level of non -Dalits. Positively speaking, it stands for acceptance of a new social order based on equality, liberty, and social justice, scientific and rational religious or moral principles; and social, economic, cultural and political development of the Dalit.

It attempts to find out causes of the origin of the inhuman practice of untouchability and its adverse effects on the Indian Society. It expounds the history of Dalit emancipation, with special emphasis on the role played by the leaders individually and collectively for the liberation of their brethren from 'untouchability'. It, however covers all the aspects of the Dalit Movement succinctly. This book is, obviously based on primary sources of information. Certain facts were duly confirmed and corroborated by other sources like documents and records in addition to personal interviews of the respective leaders or their next of kins. It has been objectively analysed, properly interpreted and systematically arranged in a consolidated form.

Dalit Movement in India and Its Leaders (1857-1956) Second Edition

 Они ищут, господин. - Очень хорошо. Сообщите, когда узнаете. Телефонистка поклонилась и вышла.

 - Почему же так долго. - Ты явно не в себе, - как ни в чем не бывало сказал Хейл.  - Какие-нибудь проблемы с диагностикой. - Ничего серьезного, - ответила Сьюзан, хотя вовсе не была в этом уверена. Следопыт задерживается.

The Dalit Women's Movement in India
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1 Comments

  1. Converpniza

    Select Bibliography This list is not meant to be comprehensive.

    15.05.2021 at 08:00 Reply

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