Origin And Development Of International Humanitarian Law Pdf
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- Overview of international humanitarian law
- Fundamental principles of International Humanitarian Law
- Geneva Conventions
International humanitarian law IHL , also referred to as the laws of armed conflict , is the law that regulates the conduct of war jus in bello. The international humanitarian law is inspired by considerations of humanity and the mitigation of human suffering. It is designed to balance humanitarian concerns and military necessity , and subjects warfare to the rule of law by limiting its destructive effect and mitigating human suffering.
Overview of international humanitarian law
This article questions the conventional histories of international humanitarian law, which view international humanitarian law as the heir to a long continuum of codes of warfare. It demonstrates instead that the term international humanitarian law first appeared in the s, as the product of work done by various actors pursuing different ends. The new idea of an international humanitarian law was codified in the Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions. Nevertheless, many of the provisions of the Protocols remained vague and contested, and their status, together with the humanitarian vision of the law they outlined, was uncertain for some time. It was only at the end of the 20th century that international lawyers, following the lead of human rights organizations, declared Additional Protocol I to be authoritative and the law of war to be truly humanitarian. As such, this article concludes that international humanitarian law is not simply an ahistorical code, managed by states and promoted by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Fundamental principles of International Humanitarian Law
International humanitarian law comprises a set of rules, established by treaty or custom, applicable in situations of armed conflict. As noted, it is inspired by considerations of humanity and the mitigation of human suffering. Although the origins of IHL can be traced to at least the nineteenth century, the principles and practices on which it is based are much older. International humanitarian law, also referred to as the law of armed conflict or the law of war, is designed to balance humanitarian concerns and military necessity. It subjects warfare to the rule of law by limiting its destructive effect and mitigating human suffering. IHL covers two key areas:. International convention : The two main treaty sources of IHL are the Hague Convention , setting out restrictions on the means and methods of warfare, and the four Geneva Conventions GCs , providing protection to certain categories of vulnerable persons.
This article talks about the fundamental principles of International humanitarian law and its international conventions and contemporary developments. International humanitarian law is that branch of the law of nations that seeks to impose limits on the destruction and suffering caused by armed conflicts. It lays down the principle of Article 22 of the Hague Regulations. A major part of International humanitarian law is contained in the Geneva conventions of
It protects persons who are not or are no longer participating in the hostilities and restricts the means and methods of warfare. The first Hague Conference in and the second Hague Conference in governed the legal framework and conduct of warfare. The Four Geneva Conventions of established protections for those not taking part in hostilities, such as civilians, aid workers, wounded soldiers, and prisoners of war. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older.
The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties , and three additional protocols , that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war.
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