Difference Between Educational Sociology And Sociology Education In Pdf
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- INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION
- Difference Between Educational Sociology and Sociology of Education
- Sociology of education
- Educational sociology or sociology of education?
INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION
Therefore the process of getting education is always a social process. The word Sociology is derived from the combination of the Latin socius meaning 'companion' and the Greek logosmeaning 'the study of'.
So the word literally means the study of companionship, or social relations. It is the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society. It is the science of fundamental laws of social behavior, relations, institutions, etc. Meaning of SociologySociology as a field of discipline is generic and umbrella in nature as it deals with the totality of human interaction and examination. It is a systematic study of social behaviours and human groups.
It delves primarily into the influence of social relationships on people's attitudes and behaviours and on how societies are established and changed. To a lay man, sociology is the study of man's interaction within the society but it extends beyond that as it deals with the organization and control of man's behaviours and attitudes within the society. As a field of study, sociology has an extremely broad scope because the society comprises of several sub systems with inherent fragmentations of component parts in each of them for sociological considerations.
Sociology is concerned about social facts in the economy, education, legal, security, politics, medical, religion, family, technology, sports and so on. Within the province of these sub-systems both the structural aspects of human society and every type of social relationship are being examined.
The scientific assessment of the social facts within the society serves as an avenue to curb discomfort and instability in the society amongst the people. Hence, sociology as a field assists the members of any society to solve attitudinal, character, behavioural and social problems to actualize a healthy growth and development of such society.
Sociologists therefore are people serving the society in a variety of capacities as teachers, lecturers, researchers, journalists, workers in industry, personnel officers, social workers, administrators, farm planners, parsons, criminologists, probation officers and so forth.
It is on the basis of this that the basic knowledge of sociology is compulsory for scholars in all field of endeavour for better understanding of the society which they live. It assists in the analysis and clarification of different types of relationships within the society which produce such social. The word Education comes from the Latin educere meaning "to lead out. Educate is further defined as "to develop the knowledge, skill, or character of Institutions and associations through which the behaviour of individuals are organized and controlled.
It is the concern of sociology to identify why certain undesirable behaviours manifested in human beings and how such behaviour could be checked and reformed. For instance, within the society there are social deviants who probably get initiated or apprehended into such unacceptable behaviours due to ignorance and other varied reasons beyond the victims' explanation.
It is within the interest of sociology to probe into the fundamental causes of unacceptable behaviours through critical analysis of the matter to control and correct such misdemeanor. For instance, there is a case of unwarranted hostility and other related matter in an individual which he manifests while relating with others, the need arises to analyze such behaviour for reconstruction and reformation.
For example, there was a case of a "medical student" who always excels in all courses but he drinks alcohol and sleeps under the steer-case of his hostel. The University authority on discovery his problem recommended some courses for him in sociology in other to control his behaviour which logically reformed the student's behaviour.
Today he is a well behaved and renowned medical practitioner. Sociology exposes members of the society to how authority and power are derived within the society and why certain values, customs, beliefs and practices are up-held. All human beings are fundamentally the same when it comes to taste of power or occupation of privileged positions. Every individual has propensity to cling into power and authority due to the benefits accruable from it. A dictum goes thus "nobody tastes honey and spit it away" Authority and powers are as sweet as honey.
That explains why human beings pursue them daringly to enjoy the values attached to them. Sociology also attempts to establish the links between the different sub-systems in the society.
It studies the relationship, between the political system and the economic system or the relationship between the educational system and the political system or the relationship between the legal system and religious system and so forth.
A dictum goes thus, when one finger touches oil it affects the others, there is interrelatedness amongst all the systems in the society and that is why there should be healthy functionality and relationship to foster growth and development.
Any dysfunction in any system will invariably affect other systems. Sociology intimates individuals with the changes within the society and the effects of such changes on human existence. Through sociology, it is revealed that the society is dynamic and transitory in nature. In sociology, individuals become aware that the society is not static which calls for dynamism in thoughts and actions amongst the people in order to be fully integrated from time to time.
For instance, there is computer revolution globally at present. Every individual within the global society is expected to be computer literate in order to function effectively and to be fully integrated into the sub system within the society. Sociology examines human background and various forms of orientation within the society. Within the societal setting there are diversifications of cultural background and upbringing. The environment within which an individual is born and bread has significant influence in the values, beliefs, traits and ideas which the person internalizes, conceptualizes, demonstrates, manifests and exhibits.
With the understanding of sociology an individual is blessed with rebuff view about other people's background. This will assist in tolerating and accommodating others with differences in cultural background and orientation. Sociology also operates within the realm of human needs. In the society, there are basic social needs which individuals aspire to achieve for meaningful existence and purposeful survival. Sociology sets it upon itself to identify various human needs in the society and explains how those needs are met and satisfied.
Sociology teaches people to only aspire to meet and satisfy those necessities of life that will assist in living decent and meaningful life. It explains the danger in daring, aggressive and unwholesome approach to satisfy one's needs. For instance, an individual who is involved in armed robbery, fraud, stealing and other illegalities to satisfy his needs is regarded as an unacceptable member of the society. Therefore, it is unethical and immoral. Meaning of EducationEducation can be variedly defined depending on the purpose it is meant to serve and the discipline in perspective.
In Sociology, education can be simply explained as an activity which goes on in a society where its aims and methods depend on the nature of the society in which it takes place.
It is to make an individual understand the new society growing up around him of which he is an essential member. Education in the specific term is a means of making individuals understand their society and its structures.
This will assist such individuals to open up for them a way of creating meaning out of their environment and relationships with other individuals in the realm of language acquisition and thought to classify and provide meaning to things, ideas and events. A dictum goes thus; an educated man is positive in character and constructive at thinking. This means that education is to provide well behaved individuals in the society and persons who have the ability to analyze and organize ideas to be able to contribute meaningfully towards the development of the society in which they live.
Education in any society is to help transmit to the young the culture of that society. In performing this noble function, the parents, the teachers and other members of the society contribute. It invariably means that every member of the society has the statutory function to transmit knowledge for the survival of individuals. The home transmit informal education, the school delivers formal education while the open society transmit non-formal education.
It is unavoidably possible to live in any society without one form of education or the other. Hence, education is a veritable tool for human growth and development. Relationship between Education and SociologyEducation and sociology are issues used to classify and establish the interrelatedness between education and the society.
The terms educational sociology and sociology of education are used in the discipline as approaches to the two extremes. The usage of the two terms rests on the preference of the expert.
However, in the contemporary world, sociology of education is commonly in use. This is because educational sociology would imply an emphasis upon emphasizes sociological problems in the realm of education which is the concern of sociologists. In blending the two concepts to become either educational sociology or sociology of education, the concern and focus is still on the society. Educational sociology is the application of general principles and findings of sociology to the administration and processes of education.
The approach means the application of sociology to the institution of education as a separate societal unit. In the same vein sociology of education depicts an analysis of the sociological processes involved in the educational institution.
It emphasizes the study within the institution of education. There is cross-fertilization of ideas, concepts, terms and theories between educationists in closing the gap between the two fields. As a matter of fact, experts in sociology of education are regarded as sociologists because of their contribution to the existing knowledge in sociology. The experts in pure sociology have also contributed immeasurably to the field of education which further strengthens the relationship between the two fields.
In the study of the various relations between education and society, the sociology of education is concerned with such general concepts as society itself, culture, community, class, environment, socialization, internalization, accommodation, assimilation, cultural lag, sub-culture, status, role and so forth. It further involves in cases of education and social class, state, social force, cultural change, various problems of role structure, role analysis in relation to the total social system and the micro society of the school such as authority, selection, and the organization of learning, streaming, curriculum and so forth.
Emile Durkheim was the first person who indicated the need for a sociological approach to education. He considered education "to be essentially social in character and in its functions and that as a result the theory of education relates more clearly to sociology than any other science. Educational sociology is by definition a discipline which studies education sociologically, with the premise that it recognizes education as a social fact, a process and an institution, having a social function and being determined socially.
Educational sociology could appear only when it accepted the social nature of education. Brookover and Gottlieb consider that "this assumes education is a combination of social acts and that sociology is an analysis of human interaction.
Sociological analysis of the human interaction in education may include both situations and might lead to the development of scientific generalizations of human relations in the educational system. The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes.
Difference Between Educational Sociology and Sociology of Education
The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes. It is mostly concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher , further , adult , and continuing education. Education is seen as a fundamentally optimistic human endeavour characterised by aspirations for progress and betterment. Social interactions between people through education is always causing further development no matter what age they are. It is also perceived as one of the best means of achieving greater social equality. Few would argue that any education system accomplishes this goal perfectly.
Mkandawire S. Essay form circulatory paper. This essay attempts to distinguish between Sociology of Education and Educational Psychology. The paper will firstly highlight on the definitions of key terms with respect to the question, secondly, it will account for the differences between the two academic disciplines under discussion and finally give a conclusion. Educational Psychology is the study of education from a psychological point of view. Sociology is a social science involving the study of the social lives of people, groups and societies sometimes defined as the study of social interactions. The term psychology came from the Greek words psyche, mind logos study , the study of the nature and functions of the mind and of human behaviour.
Sociology of education
Educational Sociology vs Sociology of Education. Educational Sociology and Sociology of Education are two branches of study that are sometimes understood as one and the same branch, but they are actually not so. They indeed show some differences between them when it comes to the subjects of their study and the nature of the branches of study. The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes.
Educational sociology or sociology of education?
An individual can learn very little by himself. Others play a very important role and contribute a lot to his learning process. The presence of other persons is important because a person learns from the knowledge gained by others.
Any individual can learn very little by himself. Others play a very important role and contribute a lot to his learning process. The presence of other persons is important because a person learns from the knowledge gained by others. Therefore the process of getting education is always a social process. Emile Durkheim was the first person who indicated the need for a sociological approach to education.
Sociology is the scientific study of human society. There are so many subfields in Sociology. Sociology of Education is one such sub-field of Sociology. In sociology of education, one learns about the effects of government and individual behaviors on the field of education. Educational Sociology , on the other hand, can be described as the application of sociological findings in order to solve the problems in the field of education. This is the main difference between Educational Sociology and Sociology of Education.
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