resource mobilization and social movements pdf

Resource Mobilization And Social Movements Pdf

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Andrew W.

The Enduring Vitality of the Resource Mobilization Theory of Social Movements

Andrew W. Social movements' capacity to mount effective challenges often hinges on the availability of scarce resources. Yet despite considerable scholarly interest in the ways that resources are mobilized, we know surprisingly little about the conclusion of this process, how movement actors strategically disburse resources to achieve specific goals. Recent attempts to revitalize the American labor movement, particularly efforts to reverse fifty years of membership decline, provide a substantive backdrop for examining resources and success.

Data from a sample of local unions and their organizing activities from through indicate that tactical resource disbursements do increase the union's ability to recruit new members, but their effect is contingent upon other dimensions of organizing, such as firm and state hostility. The findings extend our understanding of movement agency and offer insight into the growth of social movement unionism today. Most users should sign in with their email address.

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E-mail: martin. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Cite Cite Andrew W. Select Format Select format. Permissions Icon Permissions. Abstract Social movements' capacity to mount effective challenges often hinges on the availability of scarce resources. You do not currently have access to this article. Download all slides. Sign in Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? You could not be signed in. Sign In Forgot password? Don't have an account? Society for the Study of Social Problems members Sign in via society site.

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The Enduring Vitality of the Resource Mobilization Theory of Social Movements

Resource mobilization is the process of getting resources from the resource provider, using different mechanisms, to implement an organization's predetermined goals. It deals in acquiring the needed resources in a timely, cost-effective manner. Resource mobilization advocates having the right type of resource at the right time at the right price by making the right use of acquired resources thus ensuring optimum usage of the same. It is a major sociological theory in the study of social movements that emerged in the s. According to resource mobilization theory, a core, professional group in a social movement organization works towards bringing money, supporters, attention of the media, alliances with those in power, and refining the organizational structure. The theory revolves around the central notion of how messages of social change are spread from person to person and from group to group.


PDF | The resource mobility theory of social movements holds that a social movement takes shape from long term changes in a group's organization, | Find​.


Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory

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Its main objective is to approach the advantages that Slacktivism represents as a social mobilization phenomenon on the Internet, from the assumptions of the Resource Mobilization Theory RMT and its effectiveness in impacting the global political agenda. Nowadays, the success of any political cause seems to be directly proportional to the amount of likes , on Facebook; retweets , on Twitter; or views on YouTube, that such cause may generate. During the last years, we have witnessed a growing civic engagement on global campaigns through social networks.

21.3F: Resource Mobilization Approach

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Resource mobilization theory is used in the study of social movements and argues that the success of social movements depends on resources time, money, skills, etc. When the theory first appeared, it was a breakthrough in the study of social movements because it focused on variables that are sociological rather than psychological. No longer were social movements viewed as irrational, emotion-driven, and disorganized.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: McCarthy and M. McCarthy , M. Past analysis of social movements and social movement organizations has normally assumed a close link between the frustrations or grievances of a collectivity of actors and the growth and decline of movement activity. Questioning the theoretical centrality of this assumption directs social movement analysis away from its heavy emphasis upon the social psychology of social movement participants; it can then be more easily integrated with structural theories of social process.

Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory

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It begins by discussing the factors that influenced the emergence of the first and second waves of feminist organizing. Her research focuses on social movements and hate crime with studies of social movement coalitions, college student protest, and the mobilizing effect of threat. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase.

The resource-mobilization approach is a theory that seeks to explain the emergence of social movements. Resource-Mobilization Theory emphasizes the importance of resources in social movement development and success. Resources are understood here to include: knowledge, money, media, labor, solidarity, legitimacy, and internal and external support from a power elite. The theory argues that social movements develop when individuals with grievances are able to mobilize sufficient resources to take action. Resource mobilization theory also divides social movements according to their position among other social movements.

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