File Name: essential oil list and uses .zip
- Essential oil
- List of Essential Oils and Their Uses (Plus Printable PDF)
- list of essential oils and their benefits pdf
An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile easily evaporated at normal temperatures chemical compounds from plants. Essential oils are also known as volatile oils , ethereal oils , aetheroleum , or simply as the oil of the plant from which they were extracted, such as oil of clove. An essential oil is "essential" in the sense that it contains the "essence of" the plant's fragrance —the characteristic fragrance of the plant from which it is derived.
Essential oils are generally extracted by distillation , often by using steam. Other processes include expression , solvent extraction , sfumatura , absolute oil extraction, resin tapping, wax embedding, and cold pressing.
They are used in perfumes , cosmetics , soaps and other products, for flavoring food and drink, and for adding scents to incense and household cleaning products. Essential oils should not be confused with perfume, fragrance, etc.
Essential oils are often used for aromatherapy , a form of alternative medicine in which healing effects are ascribed to aromatic compounds. Aromatherapy may be useful to induce relaxation, but there is not sufficient evidence that essential oils can effectively treat any condition.
Essential oils have been used in folk medicine throughout history. The earliest recorded mention of the techniques and methods used to produce essential oils is believed to be that of Ibn al-Baitar — , an Al-Andalusian Muslim Spain physician , pharmacist and chemist.
Rather than refer to essential oils themselves, modern works typically discuss specific chemical compounds of which the essential oils are composed, such as referring to methyl salicylate rather than "oil of wintergreen". Interest in essential oils has revived in recent decades with the popularity of aromatherapy , a branch of alternative medicine that uses essential oils and other aromatic compounds. Oils are volatilized, diluted in a carrier oil and used in massage, diffused in the air by a nebulizer , heated over a candle flame, or burned as incense.
Medical applications proposed by those who sell medicinal oils range from skin treatments to remedies for cancer and often are based solely on historical accounts of use of essential oils for these purposes. Claims for the efficacy of medical treatments, and treatment of cancers in particular, are now subject to regulation in most countries. Most common essential oils such as lavender , peppermint , tea tree oil , patchouli , and eucalyptus are distilled. Raw plant material, consisting of the flowers , leaves , wood , bark , roots , seeds , or peel , is put into an alembic distillation apparatus over water.
As the water is heated, the steam passes through the plant material, vaporizing the volatile compounds. The vapors flow through a coil, where they condense back to liquid, which is then collected in the receiving vessel. Most oils are distilled in a single process. One exception is ylang-ylang Cananga odorata which is purified through a fractional distillation. The recondensed water is referred to as a hydrosol, hydrolat, herbal distillate , or plant water essence, which may be sold as another fragrant product.
Hydrosols include rose water , lavender water, lemon balm , clary sage , and orange blossom water. The use of herbal distillates in cosmetics is increasing. Most citrus peel oils are expressed mechanically or cold-pressed similar to olive oil extraction. Lemon or sweet orange oils are obtained as byproducts of the citrus industry. Before the discovery of distillation, all essential oils were extracted by pressing. Most flowers contain too little volatile oil to undergo expression, but their chemical components are too delicate and easily denatured by the high heat used in steam distillation.
Instead, a solvent such as hexane or supercritical carbon dioxide is used to extract the oils. Although highly fragrant, concretes contain large quantities of non-fragrant waxes and resins. Often, another solvent, such as ethyl alcohol , is used to extract the fragrant oil from the concrete. The precipitates are then filtered out and the ethanol is removed from the remaining solution by evaporation, vacuum purge, or both, leaving behind the absolute. Supercritical carbon dioxide is used as a solvent in supercritical fluid extraction.
This method can avoid petrochemical residues in the product and the loss of some "top notes" when steam distillation is used. It does not yield an absolute directly. The supercritical carbon dioxide will extract both the waxes and the essential oils that make up the concrete.
Subsequent processing with liquid carbon dioxide, achieved in the same extractor by merely lowering the extraction temperature, will separate the waxes from the essential oils. This lower temperature process prevents the decomposition and denaturing of compounds.
When the extraction is complete, the pressure is reduced to ambient and the carbon dioxide reverts to a gas, leaving no residue. Florasol is another solvent used to obtain essential oils. It was originally developed as a refrigerant to replace Freon. The essential oils are mostly pure and contain little to no foreign substances. Estimates of total production of essential oils are difficult to obtain. One estimate, compiled from data in , , and from various sources, gives the following total production, in tonnes, of essential oils for which more than 1, tonnes were produced.
Taken by mouth, many essential oils can be dangerous in high concentrations. Typical effects begin with a burning feeling, followed by salivation. Some act as local anesthetic counterirritants and, thereby, exert an antitussive effect. In Australia essential oils have been increasingly causing cases of poisoning, mostly of children.
In the period — there were 4, poisoning incidents reported in New South Wales. Aromatherapy is a form of alternative medicine in which healing effects are ascribed to the aromatic compounds in essential oils and other plant extracts.
In a systemic review of published studies on essential oils as alternative medicines, only 10 were found to be of acceptable methodological quality, and even these 10 were still weak in reference to scientific standards.
Research has shown that essential oils have potential as a natural pesticide. In case studies, certain oils have been shown to have a variety of deterring effects on pests, specifically insects and select arthropods.
However, the molecules within the oils that cause these effects are normally non-toxic for mammals. These specific actions of the molecules allow for widespread use of these green pesticides without harmful effects to anything other than pests.
Although they may not be the perfect replacement for all synthetic pesticides, essential oils have prospects for crop or indoor plant protection, urban pest control,  and marketed insect repellents, such as bug spray. Certain essential oils have been shown in studies to be comparable, if not exceeding, in effectiveness to DEET , which is currently marketed as the most effective mosquito repellent. Although essential oils are effective as pesticides when first applied in uses such as mosquito repellent applied to the skin, it is only effective in the vapor stage.
Since this stage is relatively short-lived, creams and polymer mixtures are used in order to elongate the vapor period of effective repellency. In any form, using essential oils as green pesticides rather than synthetic pesticides has ecological benefits such as decreased residual actions. Essential oils are usually lipophilic literally: "oil-loving" compounds that are immiscible not miscible with water.
They can be diluted in solvents like pure ethanol and polyethylene glycol. The most common way to safely dilute essential oils for topical use is in a carrier oil. This can be any vegetable oil readily available, the most popular for skin care being jojoba, coconut, wheat germ, olive and avocado. Essential oils are derived from sections of plants. Some plants, like the bitter orange , are sources of several types of essential oil.
Balsam of Peru , an essential oil derived from the Myroxylon , is used in food and drink for flavoring, in perfumes and toiletries for fragrance, and in medicine and pharmaceutical items for healing properties.
Garlic oil is an essential oil derived from garlic. Most eucalyptus oil on the market is produced from the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus. Not only do the products of different species differ greatly in characteristics and effects, but also the products of the very same tree can vary grossly.
Lavender oil has long been used in the production of perfume. Rose oil is produced from the petals of Rosa damascena and Rosa centifolia. Steam-distilled rose oil is known as "rose otto", while the solvent extracted product is known as "rose absolute".
The potential danger of an essential oil is sometimes relative to its level or grade of purity, and sometimes related to the toxicity of specific chemical components of the oil. Many essential oils are designed exclusively for their aroma-therapeutic quality; these essential oils generally should not be applied directly to the skin in their undiluted or "neat" form. Some can cause severe irritation, provoke an allergic reaction and, over time, prove hepatotoxic.
Some essential oils, including many of the citrus peel oils, are photosensitizers , increasing the skin's vulnerability to sunlight. Industrial users of essential oils should consult the safety data sheets to determine the hazards and handling requirements of particular oils. Even certain therapeutic-grade oils can pose potential threats to individuals with epilepsy or pregnant women. Essential oil use in children can pose a danger when misused because of their thin skin and immature livers.
This might cause them to be more susceptible to toxic effects than adults. The flash point of each essential oil is different.
Estrogenic and antiandrogenic activity have been reported by in vitro study of tea tree oil and lavender essential oils. Two published sets of case reports suggest that lavender oil may be implicated in some cases of gynecomastia , an abnormal breast tissue growth in prepubescent boys. Some of the substances are found in "at least 65 other essential oils". The study did not include animal or human testing.
Exposure to essential oils may cause contact dermatitis. Glass syringes are often used, but have coarse volumetric graduations. Chemistry syringes are ideal, as they resist essential oils, are long enough to enter deep vessels, and have fine graduations, facilitating quality control. Unlike traditional pipettes, which have difficulty handling viscous fluids, the chemistry syringe, also known as a positive displacement pipette, has a seal and piston arrangement which slides inside the pipette, wiping the essential oil off the pipette wall.
Some essential oils qualify as GRAS flavoring agents for use in foods, beverages, and confectioneries according to strict good manufacturing practice and flavorist standards.
Some oils can be toxic to some domestic animals, cats in particular. There is some concern about pesticide residues in essential oils, particularly those used therapeutically. For this reason, many practitioners of aromatherapy buy organically produced oils.
Not only are pesticides present in trace quantities, but also the oils themselves are used in tiny quantities and usually in high dilutions. Where there is a concern about pesticide residues in food essential oils, such as mint or orange oils, the proper criterion is not solely whether the material is organically produced, but whether it meets the government standards based on actual analysis of its pesticide content. Certain essential oils are safe to use during pregnancy, but care must be taken when selecting quality and brand.
Sensitivity to certain smells may cause pregnant women to have adverse side effects with essential oil use, such as headache, vertigo, and nausea.
List of Essential Oils and Their Uses (Plus Printable PDF)
Whether you already have some experience with essential oils or are just venturing into the aromatic world of these extracts, you are bound to be bewildered by the sheer number of options available. And to say, there are many folks out there who claim that the scope of aromatherapy is limited. In reality, not only does each essential oil offer a myriad of health benefits but also you get numerous choices with these oils, whether you want to magnify or add to the health benefits of a particular extract. Another common misconception about essential oils is that they are only good as preventative measures. The truth is that depending on the health issue you are battling, these extracts can be every bit as potent in treating an ailment as their chemical counterparts.
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. The popularity of complementary and alternative medicine CAM has increased over the past few decades, and essential oils are a part of that. In fact, according to the Global Aromatherapy Market Analysis, Companies Profiles, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast to , the global aromatherapy market is projected to grow by 8 percent between and But what exactly are essential oils? For those new to this trend, these incredibly potent oils — some of which have been around for centuries — are extracted from plants to capture their flavors, scents, and overall beneficial properties.
Looking for a list of essential oils? Here we have compiled of the top essential oils available on the market, in our opinion ;. This list is organized alphabetically by the common essential oil name. We have included other useful information, like other names the essential oil may go by and the botanical names of each oil. Also lists if the oil is safe for use on kids and which oils to avoid when pregnant or breastfeeding.
list of essential oils and their benefits pdf
Soft oils are generally oils that are liquid at room temperature such as olive oil, castor oil, sweet almond, rice bran…etc. Some carrier oils are rarely used by themselves. Many of his remedies are still in use today in Aromatherapy. Frankincense is the king of the oils. Its uses and benefits are similar to Lavender, but due to its higher percentage of camphor Lavandin can be more stimulating and better for respiratory, circulatory, and muscular conditions.
There are hundreds of ways to use essential oils from aromatherapy to treating skin conditions! Essential oils have been used for centuries be many different cultures. In the last few decades interest in essential oils has been reinvigorated with the popularity of aromatherapy and holistic approaches to medicine. Also keep in mind that some essential oils are not intended to be around children or pets and some should also not be used when pregnant or lactating. Allspice oil is believed to help muscle and joint stiffness, congestion, nausea, fatigue and stress.
Essential oils are often used in aromatherapy, a form of alternative medicine that employs plant extracts to support health and well-being. The way the oils are made is important, as essential oils obtained through chemical processes are not considered true essential oils.
With so many essential oils are out there it can be hard to remember them all, let alone remember what their uses are. Diluting essential oils with children is a must. Synergy oils are blends of undiluted essential oils that work more effectively together to achieve one mood, such as relaxation or sensuality. Essential oils have many benefits depending on the scent you choose. But essential oils are more than nice scents; these powerful plant extracts are an invitation to your wellness journey.